Painting with index colors filter

Krita

Working with index color filter, described here https://krita.org/item/236-last-week-in-krita-week-21, can be confusing. The filter works so slow (in my pc) that getting results just by moving sliders is a waste of time. Some things are good with the tool and some others are hideous. I wanted to work with index colors to get the messy pixely effect and also using live filters to edit anything later (if it’s needed). here are some notes on the tools to avoid future headaches.14_189fs_netAbove: my result. Used the same layer setup as in the video here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v1Z__mSfo8s (whoppix was very kind to share the file). To control a little better the output. I worked in gray scale all the way and used 4 main groups. Background, Clothes, Skin, Hair. The idea at first was to use a different colour on each section and a slightly different dithering effect on each.

Layer Stack description (As in source file)

Set a group for each dithered object you need. each group act as an isolation environment so its possible to get different colors and dithering patterns on different elements in canvas.

  • Top layer: Dithered filter
    – Ramps: Brigth 3 colors, Light, base and Dark 1 color each
    – Diagonal Grafients ON
    – Gradient steps: 3 / L 4 / B 5 / Shadow 5
    – Limit to:  Indexing factors ( move at will)
    -Alpha steps 1
  • Group Layer: Dither layers (Op: 16%)
    Grayscale texture dither patterns
  • Paint layer. This is the where the object is made.

On Dither patterns and textures

Layer must have opacity lower than 20 to add the effect without interfering with the painting itself. If it is too high the pattern will become the painting instead of just dithering the gradients. You can use any data as dithering patterns. I only tested grayscale layers and different types of layer content. From what I can observe:

  •  Sharp pixel shape patterns with different gray values work best
  • Its possible to use krita painting brush patterns to add dither, results are more or less nice. (Used on the background)
  • Add any image texture and tweak values to make nice dither. This came come from a photo or a painting. Krita grayscale patterns enter this category
  • Use a brush engine to generate Texture. this is trickier since you need to generate an organic pattern for it to look good. (Ramon miranda’s hairy brush set works extremely well for this.)

Brush engines tested and settings

Painting with Brush patterns Grayscale textures: Set Cut Off Policy to “Brush” and set arrows. black on middle, white closer to edge.
Painting with spray to generate dither:
Spray brush:
Size off
Shape dynamics, Random size?
Paint mode BuildUp, (Wash with Random Opacity in “Color options” doesn’t seem to work)
Spray area: Diameter, Scale, Particle count alter the way the dither is “rendered”
I ended up using Turning off: Spray Shape and setting the brush set tip to 1px, more or less.
Hatching brush: Ok This one works very well for creating gradient dithering. however the results are hard to control
Hair brush: Very Good, just lower opacity to control texture amount
I have: Opacity 94%, Ink depletion: ON (1024, opacity)
Sketch brush: Could work
Brush size: Offset scale above 80%, density low, Ucheck “use distance density”, Uncheck “Magnetify”

Speed problems?

Live filtering is very slow at the moment, to avoid the trouble of working at snail speeds get used to work in Grayscale (values only) and turn on index colors filtering for fine adjustments.

Controlling color output

14_190_net

This is a tricky business. I tried many different variations and I could obtain the same color combinations from different color mixtures in the dark, base, light, bright color swatches.
The colors provided by default work well as long as you don’t alter the value. In other words they will affect the gradient at the same bright tones as long as you don’t alter the value setting.
In the end I made the following process
  • Removing all swatches and leaving base will create a cut out shape with the color selected.
  • Add then a light tone for getting gradient variations. The colors are not exactly the ones you picked, but very close
  • You can use second and third rows, jumping wrows will make a strong gradient effect. however use with care as activating them might cause unwanted color shifting.
  • Color value is everything. Add a Bright tone with very dark value and you will affect the dark tones. Add light value to Dark column and highlight will get colored, despite being in the dark column. Not sure if this is a bug but, use this to your advantage to fine tune dark tones a little bit in the end.
  • Because of the former point, have some order, using values from light to dark, top to bottom.
  • Activate diagonal gradients to use any column and get mostly the same effect as if you were using only one column. I have to investigate this further as the option might imply some other things.

Adding screenshots showing color mixing variations.

 

Conclusions

The results from this technique are strongly dependant on your value mastering and for more aesthetically appealing picture you have to prepare a nice set of patters and use them with care. Failing to do so will result in a muddy picture with no volume and zero flow on forms. Very difficult indeed to get. My pictures ire nowhere near that level. Finally, while the results are satisfactory I still need to master the coloring mistery for selecting the exact colors I want. I could help to set a gradient inside the affected area to help selecting the color ramps. In the end I had to use level and color balance to get a brighter look on the first image.

Second image was better controlled in respect to color setting in the filter. I started working on it with the experimental brush to focus only on hard shapes. Abusing Krita layers ystem I worked as with the red marker and light yellow for the background, cloned the resulting group layers. Added those clones to the indexed layer and toyed with the index filtering colors.

Get the Source files

Sketch Dump: March 2014

I had to rest a lot this month, It seems when I use a tablet I use a repetitive unnatural movemtent to draw (Short inwards wrist movements). Over the hundreds of drawings that began causing a tendon wear out. Before it develops any further (even to a tendinitis) I rested. Between rests  I tried several ways of working but I kept going back to the short movements. In the end the only thing that seems to be working is tilting the tablet and draw more in paper.

Here is the sketchdump of all drawings made with the tablet. I focused on finding my creativity and learning a bit of technical stuff. The drawings offer little technique variety, they are low on composition values and overall few men were amongst the drawing subjects. Overall this month was not very productive.

The sketches

Some are referenced from other artists artwork, a lot are build from reference, and only few are completely invented.

Sketch dump February 2014

Most of the february sketches are here. In march I need to do more:

  • “We need more men”
  • More stock variety
  • Composition++
  • Coloring practice
  • And a lot more Finished pieces.

Some of the below sketches are referenced and some others are not. It’s quite easy to spot them as most of the characters from stock used on the reference drawings are very repetitive.

The sketches:

Special thanks to all deviantart stock used which mostly are: tasastock, imperialstarletstock, ravenofthenight, 13-melissa-salvatore, mostlyguystock and skydancer-stock

Dreams – Elephant downstairs

After a bit of “training” I’ve been able to recall almost all y dreams, and with some effort and time I can translate them to detailed narrations. Sadly I cannot share them all at the moment as most of the are Spanish only. This one is very short as I was unable to sit to write it until the day after. I apologize in advance for my English in development)

The dream

Elephant downstairs
2014/02/02

I could not write this dream until the day after. I just remember that under the room where we slept in the place where the living room with the big windows was, dwelled an elephant that always used his roar voice to call our attention over the things we did that damaged his mother. Sometimes he would show his nose from the staircase to sniff out to verify we did good. Not wasting any water, not wasting any paper. Some other times you could see his head from the window, and in rare times you could see a big round eye vigilant of our actions. He was not a bad Elephant and we never felt harassed, after all, if his mother died he would die too, and so do we, because his mother was our mother too.

net_14_016

Sketches 02 February

Here are some sketches from today. I am focusing less on reference drawing and more on creativity explosiveness :p

Character design: 1017

While there is no sound its easy to follow the steps I did, when you read before hand david’s revoy tutorial . Mirror mode is a fast way to get designs but I decided to practice rendering as my finishing lacks big time. Of course I didn’t went crazy detail as I wanted to leave […]